Copy a file to another location and modify its contents.

configure_file(<input> <output>
                FILE_PERMISSIONS <permissions>...]
               [COPYONLY] [ESCAPE_QUOTES] [@ONLY]
               [NEWLINE_STYLE [UNIX|DOS|WIN32|LF|CRLF] ])

Copies an <input> file to an <output> file and substitutes variable values referenced as @VAR@, ${VAR}, $CACHE{VAR} or $ENV{VAR} in the input file content. Each variable reference will be replaced with the current value of the variable, or the empty string if the variable is not defined. Furthermore, input lines of the form

#cmakedefine VAR ...

will be replaced with either

#define VAR ...


/* #undef VAR */

depending on whether VAR is set in CMake to any value not considered a false constant by the if() command. The "..." content on the line after the variable name, if any, is processed as above.

Unlike lines of the form #cmakedefine VAR ..., in lines of the form #cmakedefine01 VAR, VAR itself will expand to VAR 0 or VAR 1 rather than being assigned the value .... Therefore, input lines of the form

#cmakedefine01 VAR

will be replaced with either

#define VAR 0


#define VAR 1

Input lines of the form #cmakedefine01 VAR ... will expand as #cmakedefine01 VAR ... 0 or #cmakedefine01 VAR ... 1, which may lead to undefined behavior.

New in version 3.10: The result lines (with the exception of the #undef comments) can be indented using spaces and/or tabs between the # character and the cmakedefine or cmakedefine01 words. This whitespace indentation will be preserved in the output lines:

#  cmakedefine VAR
#  cmakedefine01 VAR

will be replaced, if VAR is defined, with

#  define VAR
#  define VAR 1

If the input file is modified the build system will re-run CMake to re-configure the file and generate the build system again. The generated file is modified and its timestamp updated on subsequent cmake runs only if its content is changed.

The arguments are:


Path to the input file. A relative path is treated with respect to the value of CMAKE_CURRENT_SOURCE_DIR. The input path must be a file, not a directory.


Path to the output file or directory. A relative path is treated with respect to the value of CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR. If the path names an existing directory the output file is placed in that directory with the same file name as the input file. If the path contains non-existent directories, they are created.


New in version 3.19.

Do not transfer the permissions of the input file to the output file. The copied file permissions default to the standard 644 value (-rw-r--r--).


New in version 3.20.

Transfer the permissions of the input file to the output file. This is already the default behavior if none of the three permissions-related keywords are given (NO_SOURCE_PERMISSIONS, USE_SOURCE_PERMISSIONS or FILE_PERMISSIONS). The USE_SOURCE_PERMISSIONS keyword mostly serves as a way of making the intended behavior clearer at the call site.

FILE_PERMISSIONS <permissions>...

New in version 3.20.

Ignore the input file's permissions and use the specified <permissions> for the output file instead.


Copy the file without replacing any variable references or other content. This option may not be used with NEWLINE_STYLE.


Escape any substituted quotes with backslashes (C-style).


Restrict variable replacement to references of the form @VAR@. This is useful for configuring scripts that use ${VAR} syntax.


Specify the newline style for the output file. Specify UNIX or LF for \n newlines, or specify DOS, WIN32, or CRLF for \r\n newlines. This option may not be used with COPYONLY.


Consider a source tree containing a file:

#cmakedefine FOO_ENABLE
#cmakedefine FOO_STRING "@FOO_STRING@"

An adjacent CMakeLists.txt may use configure_file to configure the header:

option(FOO_ENABLE "Enable Foo" ON)
  set(FOO_STRING "foo")
configure_file( foo.h @ONLY)

This creates a foo.h in the build directory corresponding to this source directory. If the FOO_ENABLE option is on, the configured file will contain:

#define FOO_ENABLE
#define FOO_STRING "foo"

Otherwise it will contain:

/* #undef FOO_ENABLE */
/* #undef FOO_STRING */

One may then use the target_include_directories() command to specify the output directory as an include directory:

target_include_directories(<target> [SYSTEM] <INTERFACE|PUBLIC|PRIVATE> "${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}")

so that sources may include the header as #include <foo.h>.

See Also