Parse function or macro arguments.

cmake_parse_arguments(<prefix> <options> <one_value_keywords>
                      <multi_value_keywords> <args>...)

cmake_parse_arguments(PARSE_ARGV <N> <prefix> <options>
                      <one_value_keywords> <multi_value_keywords>)

New in version 3.5: This command is implemented natively. Previously, it has been defined in the module CMakeParseArguments.

This command is for use in macros or functions. It processes the arguments given to that macro or function, and defines a set of variables which hold the values of the respective options.

The first signature reads processes arguments passed in the <args>.... This may be used in either a macro() or a function().

New in version 3.7: The PARSE_ARGV signature is only for use in a function() body. In this case the arguments that are parsed come from the ARGV# variables of the calling function. The parsing starts with the <N>-th argument, where <N> is an unsigned integer. This allows for the values to have special characters like ; in them.

The <options> argument contains all options for the respective macro, i.e. keywords which can be used when calling the macro without any value following, like e.g. the OPTIONAL keyword of the install() command.

The <one_value_keywords> argument contains all keywords for this macro which are followed by one value, like e.g. DESTINATION keyword of the install() command.

The <multi_value_keywords> argument contains all keywords for this macro which can be followed by more than one value, like e.g. the TARGETS or FILES keywords of the install() command.

Changed in version 3.5: All keywords shall be unique. I.e. every keyword shall only be specified once in either <options>, <one_value_keywords> or <multi_value_keywords>. A warning will be emitted if uniqueness is violated.

When done, cmake_parse_arguments will consider for each of the keywords listed in <options>, <one_value_keywords> and <multi_value_keywords> a variable composed of the given <prefix> followed by "_" and the name of the respective keyword. These variables will then hold the respective value from the argument list or be undefined if the associated option could not be found. For the <options> keywords, these will always be defined, to TRUE or FALSE, whether the option is in the argument list or not.

All remaining arguments are collected in a variable <prefix>_UNPARSED_ARGUMENTS that will be undefined if all arguments were recognized. This can be checked afterwards to see whether your macro was called with unrecognized parameters.

New in version 3.15: <one_value_keywords> and <multi_value_keywords> that were given no values at all are collected in a variable <prefix>_KEYWORDS_MISSING_VALUES that will be undefined if all keywords received values. This can be checked to see if there were keywords without any values given.

Consider the following example macro, my_install(), which takes similar arguments to the real install() command:

    set(options OPTIONAL FAST)
    set(oneValueArgs DESTINATION RENAME)
    set(multiValueArgs TARGETS CONFIGURATIONS)
    cmake_parse_arguments(MY_INSTALL "${options}" "${oneValueArgs}"
                          "${multiValueArgs}" ${ARGN} )

    # ...

Assume my_install() has been called like this:


After the cmake_parse_arguments call the macro will have set or undefined the following variables:

MY_INSTALL_FAST = FALSE # was not used in call to my_install
MY_INSTALL_UNPARSED_ARGUMENTS = "blub" # nothing expected after "OPTIONAL"
         # No value for "CONFIGURATIONS" given

You can then continue and process these variables.

Keywords terminate lists of values, e.g. if directly after a one_value_keyword another recognized keyword follows, this is interpreted as the beginning of the new option. E.g. my_install(TARGETS foo DESTINATION OPTIONAL) would result in MY_INSTALL_DESTINATION set to "OPTIONAL", but as OPTIONAL is a keyword itself MY_INSTALL_DESTINATION will be empty (but added to MY_INSTALL_KEYWORDS_MISSING_VALUES) and MY_INSTALL_OPTIONAL will therefore be set to TRUE.

See Also